gpk电子网址

东北大学
解读《东北大学章程》
——访东北大学章程起草委员会办公室有关负责人

gpk电子网址yiju《zhonghuarenmingongheguogaodengjiaoyufa》he《gaodengxuexiaozhangchengzhidingzanxingbanfa》,dongbeidaxueyu2012nian4yueqidongzhangchengzhidinggongzuo,jingguoliangnianduoshijiandenuli,《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》yu2014nian6yuejingjiaoyubudi18cibuwuhuiyishenyitongguo,huodehezhun,zihezhunzhiriqishengxiao。weileqieshiyouxiaodixuexixuanchuanheguancheluoshi《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》,benkanjizhejiuzhangchengdekuangjia、neirongheyiyicaifangledongbeidaxuezhangchengqicaoweiyuanhuibangongshiyouguanfuzeren,yibangzhushishenggenghaodilejiezhangcheng。

记者: 大学章程作为大学的“宪法”在高等教育领域引起了广泛关注,章程的制定核准是推进我国现代大学制度建设的重要举措。各高校都高度重视章程的起草工作。东北大学师生也非常关注《东北大学章程》。请您给我们介绍一下《东北大学章程》的基本框架和主要内容?

答: 学校充分领会教育部《高等学校章程制定暂行办法》文件精神,参考兄弟高校章程文本和有关专家的研究成果,结合学校实际,深入研讨,并在章程起草的过程中不断完善,最终确定了章程的基本框架,完成了章程内容的撰写工作。

gpk电子网址《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》gong10gebufen,baokuo“xuyan”hezhengwen9zhang,94tiao,11000yuzi。

1.xuyan。zhuyaojishuledongbeidaxuedebanxuecengcihelishiyange,xuexiaodechengjiu、chuantongyujingshen,xuexiaodezongzhiheshimingdengneirong。

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3.dierzhangxuexiaogongnenghejiaoyuxingshi。benzhangguidinglexuexiaozhongxinrenwu、jibengongneng、banxueguimo、xuekemenleishezhi、jiaoyucengcihejiaoyuxingshideng,benzhangdeneirongduoshufalvguidingzhangchengbiyaozaimingdeshixiang,shiguojiajibenjiaoyuzhiduzaixuexiaodejutihua。

gpk电子网址4.disanzhangzhilijiegou。benzhangguidinglexuexiaodejibenzhidu,quelilejuecequan、zhixingquan、jianduquanjixianghuzhiyueyouxianghuxiediaodequanlijiegouheyunxingjizhi,mingxilexuexiaodangweiyuxingzheng、xingzhengyuxueshu、dangzhengyuquntuanzhijiandeguanxi。benzhangfenwujie,diyijieyibanguiding,benjiejiuxuexiaoguanlitizhi、jigoushezhideyuanze、xiaoyuanliangjiguanlitizhidengjibenwentizuoleshuoming;dierjieguanlitizhi,benjiemingquelexuexiaodejuece、zhixingjizhihedangzhengjiguandezhizedeng;disanjiexueshuguanli,benjiemingquelejiaoshouzhixuedexueshuquanli,guidinglexuexiaoxueshuweiyuanhui、xueweipingdingweiyuanhuihejiaoxuezhidaoweiyuanhuidezhizedeng;disijieminzhuguanli,benjiemingqueleshishengminzhucanyuxuexiaoguanlidejizhihequdao,guidinglegonghui、jiaodaihui、tuanwei、xueshenghuidenggpkdianziwangzhidezhizedeng。diwujiexueyuan(bu),benjieguidinglexueyuandejibenzhineng,mingquexueyuanyidangzhenglianxihuiyiweizhuyaoxingshideyishijuecejizhi,tuchulexueyuanyijidequanlihediwei,tixianlexuexiaoguanlizhongxinxiayidegaigefangxiang。

5.disizhangjiaozhiyuangong。benzhangguidinglexuexiaoderenyuangoucheng、renshiguanlijibenyuanzeyuzhidu、jiaozhiyuangongdequanliyuyiwu、jiaozhiyuangongdequanlibaohu,dangzhonghaitebieguidinglejiaoshizaijiaoshuyuren、xueshuchuangxinheshulilianghaoxueshudaodefangmiandequanliyuyiwu,tuxianxuexiaojianchi“yirenweiben、yijiaoshiweizhuti”delinian。

gpk电子网址6.diwuzhangxuesheng。benzhangguidinglexueshengdequanliyuyiwu、xueshengdequanlibaohudeng。

7.diliuzhangjingfei、zichan、chanyehehouqin。benzhangguidinglexuexiaojingfeilaiyuanqudao、caichanshuxing、shiyongyuanzeheguanlizhidu,jieshoujuanzengdeguizeyubanfadeng。

8.diqizhangwaibuguanxi。benzhangmingquelexuexiaoyuzhengfu、qishiyedanweiheshehuigejiedeguanxi,mingquelexuexiaodongshihui、xiaoyouhuidezhizedeng。

9.dibazhangxiaoshise、xiaoqi、xiaoge、xiaobiao、xiaoxunhejinianri,benzhangguidinglexuexiaodebiaoshideng。

10.dijiuzhangfuze。benzhangguidinglezhangchengtongguohexiugaidechengxudeng。


记者: 为推动大学章程的制定,教育部专门颁布了第31号令,规定了章程的法律框架。各个学校依此遵守制定章程的法律流程以及制定章程里需要有的内容。同时,教育部有关负责人又专门强调了要由各个学校根据自己的特色制定各校章程。那么在《东北大学章程》制定过程中,在遵照统一要求的前提下,着重突出了哪些特色?

答: 《东北大学章程》制定过程中一是注重申明了以“学”为本的核心理念。学生是立校之本,学者是立校之道,学术是立校之魂,汇聚优秀的学者,创造优秀的学术,培育优秀的学生应当是一所大学立校办学根本目的。《东北大学章程》制定过程中,非常重视以“学”为本,突出学生、学者和学术的中心地位。章程序言部分既开宗明义提出学校“培育英才”的办学宗旨,并安排两章的内容,分别规定了教职员工和学生权利义务,一方面是对法律明文规定的师生员工权利和义务的丰富,进一步明晰了师生员工与学校之间的法律关系,同时也彰显了师生员工的主体地位;此外,对校内民主党派gpk电子网址、校院两级工会教代会、团委、学生会等gpk电子网址的职权和议事规则都有详细的记述。在学术事项的决策方面,章程完善了由学术委员会、学位委员会和教学指导委员会构成的学术治理体系;在学校章程框架下,学校《学术委员会章程》明确规定了校长不再担任学术委员会主任,除分管副校长是学术委员会成员外,其他校领导原则上不再担任学术委员会委员等,强化了学术权力在学校学术事项决策中的主导作用。

ershizhezhongtuchuleyifazhixiaodejibenyuanze。yifazhixiaoshiluoshiyifazhiguojibenfanglvedebiranyaoqiu,shijianshexiandaixuexiaozhidu、goujianxinxingzhengxiaoguanxidegenbenbaozheng,shixuexiaozuoweigaoshuipingyanjiuxingdaxuesuoyingzunxundejibenyuanze。《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》zaijutizhidushejizhongguanchuanlezheiyisixiang,rushezhihediaozhengxuekezhuanye、zhaosheng、banfaxuelihexueweizhengshu、duijiaozhiyuangonghexueshengshishijianglihuozhechufen、zizhuguanliheshiyongfarencaichandengshixiang,junmingqueguidingyaoyifashishihegpkdianziwangzhizheixiehuodong,tixianleyifazhixiaodesixiang。zai《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》zhidingguochengzhong,xuexiaocanzhaoguojiafalvtixi,tongguoshuliheyantao,jiangxiaoneizhiduhuafenweisangecengci,jigenbenzhidu、jibenzhiduhejutizhidu。《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》zuoweixuexiaodegenbenzhidu,duiqixiaweidejibenzhiduhejutizhidudeneirong,zhizuochuyuanzexingguiding。zheiyangchuli,youbushijiandanzhuiqiuzhangchengwenbendejingjian,ershiweilejianliyigeweijiemingque、shangxiaxianjie、fengongjutidexiaoneizhidutixi,tongshiyequebaobuhuichuxianyinmouyixiangjibenzhiduhuozhejutizhiduxiugai,jiuyaoxianxingxiudingzhangchengdeqingkuang。


记者: 据了解,《东北大学章程》的制定经过了起草、讨论、修订、审议等较严密的过程,全校的师生已经通过不同方式参与了解了章程。那么,在您看来,通过《东北大学章程》制定实现了学校哪些目标和任务?

答: 《东北大学章程》是学校依法自主办单位:gpk电子网址-gpk电子网址

1.凝练和升华了东大精神

gpk电子网址daxuejingshenshidaxuezishencunzaihefazhanzhongxingchengdejuyouduteqizhidejingshenxingshidewenmingchengguo,tashikexuejingshenheshidaibiaozhideningju,daxuezhi“da”,weiciwei“da”。dongbeidaxuezaijinbainiandejianshe、fazhanhegaigedelichengzhong,xingchengleguangrongdeaiguozhuyichuantong,yunyulefengfudexueshusixiang,ninglianchuyouzishentesedexiaoyuanwenhua,zheishilidaidongdarendejingshenyigui。zaizhangchengxuyanbufen,womenzhezhongbimo,chanmingle“aiguoaixiao、yanjinzhixue”deguangrongchuantong、“xianshen、qiushi、tuanjie、chuangxin”deyouliangxiaofengheyi“ziqiangbuxi、zhixingheyi”weihexindedaxuejingshen。tongguo《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》dezhiding,xuexiaoyixiaonei“dafa”dexingshijiangqizaiming,qidaolejinyibuningjuheshenghuadezuoyong。

2.彰显了服务国家战略的大学使命

daxuezhangchengdezhongyaozuoyongzhiyi,jiushiyaozhangxiandaxueshiming。yisuodaxuedeshimingyuxuexiaowenhuachuantong、banxuetesehefazhanmubiaoxixixiangguan,shishiguanxuexiaofazhandezhongdajibenwenti。jinnianlai,xuexiaoweiraochanxueyanyongshenduronghe,nulizai“zhagenshehui、yinlingfazhan”deguochengzhongfahuixuexiaodeyoushi,woguodiyigedaxueruanjianyuan,yijidangqianzhengzaijianshezhongdedongbeidaxueyunjisuankejichanyeyuan、jinshucailiaochanyeyuanxiangmu,jiushigpkdianziwangzhijiangzishenbanxueteseheguojiajingjishehuifazhanjinmijiehe,nulijianxingdaxueshimingdeyouxiufanli。dangdeshibadabaogaomingquetichu: “jianchizouzhongguotesedexinxinggongyehua、xinxihua、chengzhenhua、nongyexiandaihuadaolu,tuidongxinxihuahegongyehuashenduronghe、gongyehuahechengzhenhualiangxinghudong。”zheiweixinshiqi“zouxinxinggongyehuadaolu”zhiminglefangxiang。《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》jiangxuexiaojianshegaoshuipingyanjiuxingdaxuezheiyibanxueshimingyuzhongguozouxinxinggongyehuadaoluzheiyilishijinchengjinmixianglian,ninglianchujianshe“zaizhongguoxinxinggongyehuajinchengzhongqiyinlingzuoyongdegaoshuipingyanjiuxingdaxue”zheiyibanxuemubiao,dongbeidaxuezaiyicijiangzishendebanxueshimingtongyidaoguojiadefazhanzhanlvezhonglai,zhanxianledongdarendexiongjinheyongqi。

3.开启了深化改革的新篇章

gpk电子网址daxuezhangchengshidaxuede“xianzhang”,henzhongyaodeyidianshinenggouchixufahuixiaoli。erquanmianshenhuagaigejiangshiwoguoyixiangfeichangzhongyaodezhangqilishirenwu,gaodengjiaoyugaigeshizhongyaozuchengbufen。yincizuoweizhidaoxuexiaoweilaifazhande“dafa”,daxuezhangchengbixuchangxiangshenhuagaigedezhuxuanlv。yifangmianshiguhuaxuexiaogaigefazhandeyiyouchengguo。jinnianlaigpkdianziwangzhigpkdianziwangzhileyixilietizhijizhigaigedechangshi,qudelehenduoxinjingyan。zai《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》zhidingguochengzhong,xuexiaozhuzhongjiangzheixiechengguojiayizongjie、ninglianheguhua。lingyifangmianshiweiweilaishenhuazonghegaigezhiminglefangxiang,liuxialekongjian。zaizhangchengzhongwomenyitiaokuandexingshikendinglexuexiaojinnianlaiweiraozhilijiegou、jiandujizhi、xuekebujuyouhua、renshizhidugaige、rencaipeiyangmoshihejizhigaige、kejihechanyegaige、ziyuanpeizhihecaiwugaige、houqintizhigaige、xueyuanzhigaigedengjinxinggaigeshijiansuoqudedejinzhan,tongshizaiyixiewentidebiaoshushangliuyouyudi,yiyixiefangxiangxing、yuanzexingdewenzibiaodaweiweilaijinyibushenhuagaigeliuxiakongjian。

4.确立了学校治理的基本框架

xuexiaozhilitixihezhilijiegoushitixianxiandaidaxuezhidudejibenneihe,zhongyaoxingbuyaneryu。tongguo《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》dezhiding,xuexiaojibenshangquelilezhongguotesexiandaidaxuedezhilijiegou。yishijianchidangweilingdaoxiadexiaozhangfuzezhi。jianchihewanshandangweilingdaoxiadexiaozhangfuzezhijishizhongguotesexiandaidaxuezhidujianshedezhongyaoneirong,yeweiqitigonglegengjiayoulidegpkdianziwangzhibaozhang。xuexiaozhangchengmingqueguiding“xuexiaoshixingzhongguogongchandangdongbeidaxueweiyuanhuilingdaoxiadexiaozhangfuzezhi”。ershitansuogoujiankexuehelidequanlixitong。xuexiaozhangchengyiju“dangweilingdao、xiaozhangfuze、jiaoshouzhixue、minzhuguanli”deneibuzhilijibenyuanze,duidaxueneibudezhengzhili、xingzhengli、xueshuliheminzhulidezhizefanweizuochulezhiduanpai,jinyibujiedingledangweixingzhengxitong、xueshuxitonghejiaozhigonggpkdianziwangzhijiandezhiquanbianjie。sanshitansuojianlishehuizhichihejianduxuexiaofazhandezhangxiaojizhi。xuexiaozhangchengguiding“xuexiaoyifachenglidongshihui,dongshihuishixuexiaodezixunyishijigou,yiqizhangchengduixuexiaofazhanguochengzhongdezhongdazhanlvehejuecewentijinxingshenyihezixun”,youguiding“xuexiaoyifayiguixiangshehuifabubanxuexinxi,zhudongjieshoushehuijianduhepingjia”。


记者: 高校章程制定的核心就是要建立现代大学制度,合理界定行政权力和学术权力等内容,保证大学实现自主办单位:gpk电子网址-gpk电子网址

答: gpk电子网址学校治理结构和校内权利运行互为表里。《东北大学章程》也很好地处理了校内权利运行体制机制问题。一是处理好决策权、执行权与监督权的关系,建立高效有序的权力运行机制。决策权上,在发挥党委常委会作用的同时,进一步发挥党的全委会作用,学校重大事项,如发展方向、财务预决算等重大决策要上党委全委会。执行权上,围绕决策的执行,校长积极主动、独立负责地进行教学、科研及行政管理工作,推进行政执行的高效化和专业化。同时形成战略执行层面、管理执行层面、业务执行层面三层联动,层层把关的执行机制和流程。监督权上,突出建立党内监督、行政监督和群众监督三位一体的全方位监督体系。二是处理好提议权、审议权与定议权的关系,建立对“一把手”的约束机制 。在决策机制上,强化集体领导决策,建立对“一把手”的约束机制。在决策机制的设计上,注重分离提议权、审议权和定议权,将其分配给不同的机构。提议权充分发扬民主,定议权则坚持集中制,并建立起相应的制约和监督机制。三是实现校、院(部)两级管理为主的体制,赋予学院(部)更多的办学自主权。校、院(部)两级管理的核心要义在于明晰和确定学院(部)的职权。章程第三章第一节有明确规定。体现了管理重心下移,逐步扩大学院办学权限,发挥学院主体作用的管理理念。

tongshi,xuexiaoshiyigeshejiduofangliyideshehuigpkdianziwangzhi。gefangliyidatishangfenweixiaoneiliyixiangguanzhehexiaowailiyixiangguanzheliangdalei。xiaoneideliyixiangguanzhecongxingzhishangkanbiaoxianweigezhongquanliguanxizhijiandeliyibiaoda,zaiquntishangbaokuojiaoshi、jiaofurenyuan、xingzhengrenyuan、xueshengdeng。xiaowaideliyixiangguanzhecongxingzhishangkanbiaoxianweijubanquan、guanliquan、pingjiaquanzhijiandeguanxi,jutishuojiushizhengfudejubanquan、xuexiaodezizhuguanliquanheshehuidejiandupingjiaquan。chulihaogeliyixiangguanzhezhijiandeguanxi,manzutamengezideliyiqipanshizhangchengdehexinyaojian。xuexiaoshixingshenmeyangdeguanlizhidu,goujianshenmeyangdezhilijiegou,ruhequebaogezhongquanlixiediaoyunxing,chufadianheluojiaodianzhiyouyige,jiushiyaochulihaogezhongliyiguanxi。zixiyuedujiuhuifaxian,《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》quanpiandoushiweiraozheiyangyigewentizhankai,gegezhangjiedouzhijiehuojianjielunshuleshangshuwenti。qizhongdiyizhangzongze、disanzhangzhilijiegou、diqizhangwaibuguanxigengshizhezhongbimojizhongchanminglejubanzheyuxuexiao、xuexiaoneibu、xuexiaoyushehuideliyiguanxi。 《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》huodejiaoyubuhezhun,shiduiwomenguoquliangnianweiraozhangchengzhidinggongzuosuozuodenulidekending,yeweijinhouxuexixuanchuanheguancheluoshi《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》fachuledongyuanling。muqian,zhongyaodegongzuoshizuohaoxuexixuanchuangongzuo,jijiyingzaofenwei,rangzhangchengzhongsuoyunhandedaxuejingshen、zhililinian、gaigesixiang、fazhanguanniandengshenrushishengdetounao,huaweishishenggongjiankenancujinyueshengfazhandeganjingheliliang。zhangyuanlaikan,yaozaixuexiaoshiyefazhanzhongguancheluoshi《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》zhongguhuaxialaidexuexiaogaigefazhanchengguo,zunxun《dongbeidaxuezhangcheng》zhimingdefangxiangdadantansuo、wenbushijian,quanmianshenhuagexianggaige,nulishixiankexuefazhan。